daughter of Sir
was tragically drowned in a sailing accident near
in 1963. The family where so upset they commissioned the
to design a new East
window in their local church at
in memory of their daughter.
window was installed in 1967.
was so admired that more windows followed.
more in 1974 and a final four in 1985, the year
was made and fitted by
will certainly rank as one of the best examples of 20th
church was rebuilt in the 18th
but a building has
occupied this site since the 7th
pleasant town on the
lovely high street with a nice selection of shops and old houses.
town is dominated of course by the castle.
But does have
rebuilt in 1380 after the black death.
one end of it is the
where the family hold
two areas divided by a
forces bombarded the castle using cannon fired from the
tower hence most of the
fortifications where destroyed.
fine church is the Roman
built in 1870. It
became a Cathedral
been a settlement here since pre-roman times.
town was strategically important due to its location crossing the river on the
main east west road route through
has its origins in the
is depicted in the towns
castle has stood on this site since before
came in 1066.
However the oldest
parts of the existing building are probably
dating back to the time of
one of Williams
favourite knights. The
castle underwent several sieges and was extensively damaged by
forces during he Civil
which it fell into a very dilapidated state being restored in the 18th
and again in the 19th
when a further two towers where added by the then 15th
been the home of the
family for more than 500 years.
and through female descent the
the premier peers and hereditary
religious persecution the family
interior contains some fine rooms especially the
the library 117ft long and 35ft wide and constructed entirely in mahogany, plus
room especially designed for the visit of
in 1846. Hanging
from the walls art treasures including,
together with fine tapestries and furniture collected by the family over many
castle is surrounded by 1,000 acres of parkland and sits majestically
overlooking the surrounding landscape in similar fashion to that other great
castle at Windsor.
The town is built on the site of one of the most important events in British
history—The Battle of Hastings, where William the Norman, defeated Harold and
became the conqueror and King of England in 1066. The town is dominated by
the massive gatehouse of the Abbey at the end of the High Street. The town
itself contains many old buildings some dating back to the 13th & 14th
The largest town
in Sussex also the largest seaside town in the South East. Evidence from
the Neolithic period has been found nearby and Archaeology from the Roman
period. Nothing in the town however remains earlier then the Regency
period. A fishing village did exist through the Middle ages but it took a
little bit of salesmanship to really put Brighton on the map. The town
must thank a certain Dr Richard Russell who arrived in 1754 and proclaimed the
bathing and drinking of sea water to be the cure of most ills. Wealthy
invalids flocked to the village soon transforming it into a large, almost Spa
Town. In 1783 Prince of Wales (King George IV) came for a visit and liked
the place so much he influenced his friends to journey out of London to join
him. In 1787 he commissioned Henry Holland to build him a seaside
residence (Pavilion) so he could spend time in the town entertaining. This
gave Brighton the Royal Stamp of approval and signalled a start to its unique
popularity. A long promenade follows the entire length of the mainly
shingle beach. A pier and amusements complement this seaside town.
The lanes situated close the Royal Pavilion, once the area of homes for
fishermen and their families have been converted into antique and curio shops.
Adjoining the lanes a square with cafes & restaurants.
1787, for the then Prince of Wales (King George IV) a large building in the
classical style was erected for him with the interior decorated in the Chinese
tastes that was so popular at the time. Between 1815 & 1822 the Royal
Pavilion was rebuilt to plans drawn up by John Nash. He kept the Chinese
interior but the exterior was transformed into the Indian Mogul Style, with the
domes, spires and minarets that we see today. George IV occupied it
regularly until 1827, his brother William IV also spent some time in residence,
so did Queen Victoria, however it was abandoned in 1845 when the Queen felt it
did not give enough privacy for her growing family. When she left the
furniture soon followed. When the local Brighton Council purchased the
property it set about acquiring the missing furniture and today the interior
appears much as it did 200 years ago.
The town developed
around the market place located at today`s Market Square, even today the town is
a major shopping centre. King John granted the town a Market Charter in
1205. One of the towns main buildings is the Bishops Palace, now the town
council offices but originally the home of the Bishops of Rochester from the
early 10th Century till 1845. The present building however only
dates back to 1775. At the North end of town on the site of the Bromley &
Sheppards College are 20 Alms houses which date back to 1666 and are the result
of a legacy from Bishop Warner. They are the oldest of their kind in
Britain, today serving the needs of retired clergy. The Church of St Peter
& St Paul was refurbished after bomb damage in the Second World War.
A very ancient city
with more than 2,000 years of history and the site of Canterbury Cathedral.
There were Belgic settlements here pre-Roman time and Julius Caesar took the
area by storm in 54B.C. after their conquest in 43A.D. the Romans established a
centre here called Durovernum. In 597 St Augustine arrived on his mission
to spread Christianity in England and built his first cathedral. Something
like half the Medieval walls which encircled the old city on the Eastern side
still remain. They date from the 13th & 14th Centuries, they were partly
built on Roman remains.
The Cathedral of course
dominates the city, the original was built by St Augustine but nothing remains.
In fact nothing pre-Conquest does remain. A little while after the
Conquest a new Cathedral was built by Lanfranc, the first Norman Archbishop.
Since that time there have been many additions, the oldest remaining part of the
Cathedral is the crypt dating from 1100. Only one English monarch is
buried here, Henry IV, who lies with his Queen Joan in Trinity Chapel. The
tomb of Edward, the Black Prince is close by and described by many as the most
magnificent in England. In Trinity chapel you will also find the shrine of
St Thomas a Becket, Archbishop from 1162-1170 when he was murdered by four
knights of Henry II after a long and bitter feud. The nave completed in
the early 15th Century is 187ft in length, 71ft in width and 79ft in height.
The tall central bell tower which dominates the external views of the cathedral
dates back to 1498 and is certainly one of earliest large brick structures in
England. Viewed from inside all but the top 50ft is visible. 130ft
above the floor level is the magnificent fan vaulted ceiling, the South window
is a splendid example of 12th Century art and the whole Cathedral is alive with
stained glass, despite the Civil War and the Second World War damage.
The home of Sir Winston
Churchill from 1924 until the end of his life. The rooms, left as they
were in his lifetime, strongly evoke his career and wide interests, with maps,
pictures, documents, photographs, books and personal mementoes. Two rooms
are given over to a museum for his many gifts and uniforms. Terrace
gardens descend towards the lake, the garden studio containing many of Sir
Winston`s paintings is also open.
Chatham Dock Yard
King Henry VIII it was the home to the Royal Navy for over 400 years. During
that time Chatham provided Britain with more than 400 fighting ships, from the
days of sail right through to the iron Cruisers of the 20th Century.
Within the 80 acres of the oldest part of the docks, there are no less than 47
scheduled ancient monuments, rope making facilities. Exhibitions dedicated to
the Royal Navy and original ships of the fighting services including the
Victorian Sloop Gannet and HMS Cavalier the last remaining World
War Two Naval Destroyer. The submarine Ocelot built and launched at
Chatham. Plus the Royal National Lifeboat Institutions historic collection of 15
lifeboats from the time of oar power to the most modern reversible.
The inner keep and
bailey dating back to 1180, the royal apartments and chapels used some 800 years
ago. The oldest part of the castle is the Roman lighthouse situated next
to the Saxon church. the well 289ft deep is considerably older than the castle
itself. Take a walk in the 13th century underground fortifications
originally dug in 1216 at the time of the French attack. The battlements
and towers protecting the castle. Over a thousand years of history within the
walls, throughout this long history, until the late 1960s the castle has been a
military headquarters and garrisoned continuously.
became popular with Victorian high society during the 19th Century
when it became one of the places to be seen during the summer vacation.
For long walks along the beach and promenade together with a wander along the
pier. A feature of the coastline are the chalk cliffs to the West of the
town, rising to over 600ft above sea level at Beachy Head. One of
Eastbourne's oldest buildings is called Pilgrims. Dates back to the 12th
Century. It is said underground passages link it to the Lamb Inn and the
Church of St Mary`s. Many fortifications where built in the town during
the Napoleonic Wars, some can still be seen today.
meaning East of the Bourne. From the Olde
English “Burna” which means stream. Therefore we have East of the
Stream. The particular stream that gave the town its name rises near St
Mary`s Parish Church.
Recorded in the
Doomsday book as Burne, then in 1279 as Estburn.
Situated in 18 acres on a
dramatic hillside location with a fine collection of trees and shrubs.
Laid out in the 19th Century, this charming garden is located at the highest
point in Kent and contains many rare, exotic trees and shrubs from around the
world. The interest in summer, centres on the rock garden and rose garden
with the coming of autumn bringing brilliant colours as the garden prepares to
sleep the winter months away.
A popular and very
picturesque village set on a hill top surrounded by orchards and hop fields.
The village gained prosperity from the weaving industry during the Middle ages.
Excellent views over the Weald of Kent to the North. The high street is
graced by many old attractive tile hung, weather boarded and timbered houses.
Smuggling was rife in this area during the 18th Century and it is
rumoured that a secret passage exists connecting the Church with the Star and
Church of St Mary Goudhurst
The church is mainly 15th Century and the majority of the exterior
described as robustly perpendicular, although the tower was struck by lightning
in 1637 and rebuilt three years later in the Gothic style. The doorway has
a classical surround but the hinges are Gothic. The Nave is a bit of a
curiosity having been added to whenever money became available. Without
any doubt the glory of the church is the Culpepper memorials, located in the
South aisle and South Chapel. The family where based at Bedgebury just 2.5 miles
South of Goudhurst. Deeds to their manor dating back to 815AD. The
family where great iron masters and their Bedgebury foundries made many of the
guns for Sir Francis Drake and his navy in the battle with the Armada in 1588.
ancient port that became famous because of the landing just along the coast in
Pevensey by William the Conqueror in 1066. The town prospered during the
Middle Ages, but suffered very badly during the 100 years war with France when
it was attacked repeatedly. Prosperity waned when the harbour became
silted up. During the 19th Century Hastings became a leading
seaside resort, when the travelling public discovered its excellent and
extensive shingle beach. The most interesting part is the old town, where
the fishermans quarter is situated. Fishing has been the main industry for
centuries. With no harbour the boats are hauled up onto the beach.
Look out for the tall narrow wooded huts which are used for drying the nets and
storing the fishing gear. The church of St Nicholas houses the Fishermans
Museum. The 600 foot long pier was completed in 1872. It was blown
up in two places during the second world war to prevent enemy soldiers using it
as a landing stage.
A romantic double
moated castle with a varied history stretching back over 700 years. parts of the
outer walls were built in the 13th Century. The castle was the childhood
home of Anne Boleyn, it was her family who added the Tudor manor house in approx
1500. Henry VIII spent time at Hever wooing Anne before making her his
second wife. The American William Astor acquired Hever in 1903 and spent
great amounts of money and time restoring it to its previous splendour. He
was also instrumental in creating the lovely gardens and 35 acre lake.
Established for over a
thousand years on two islands in the middle of a natural lake. Leeds
castle is one of England's oldest and most romantic stately homes. Known
affectionately as the Ladies Castle, Leeds was home to six of the Medieval
Queens of England and most infamous of monarchs King Henry VIII. The
castle now houses a magnificent collection of Medieval furnishings, tapestries
and paintings. administered by a charitable trust. Surrounded by over 500
acres of rolling parkland and gardens a natural home to many varied varieties of
the great gardens of the Sussex Weald with many rare and exotic plants on view.
Beautiful trees, plants from all over the world in a garden created by the
Messel family. Lovely lawns, old cedars, Italian fountain in the walled
garden. A sunken garden, laurel walk and an abundance of flowing shrubs.
RHS Wisley Gardens
For over 80
years, Wisley Garden has continued to be a source of inspiration, advice and an
example of good gardening practices for members of the society and other
visitors. The Alpine meadow, carpeted with wild daffodils, brilliant
rhododendrons in early summer. The rock garden, the wild garden, the rose
garden, fruit fields and modern gardens, the trees and shrubs of seven acres,
while the glass houses
provide shelter for both plants and people throughout the seasons.
City with a
long history. There were probably Prehistoric and certainly Celtic
settlements. The Romans established an important base here which they
called Durobrivae here where their road crossed the Medway. When the
Romans had left these shores the Anglo Saxons came and they called the area
Hrofesceaster. William the conqueror built a castle here. In the High
Street stands the Guildhall dating back to 1687.close by is the Corn Exchange.
Further on down the street are two interesting old hotels the bull built approx
400 years ago, Dickens definitely stayed here and the hotel was featured in
Pickwick Papers and as the Blue Boar of Great Expectations, it is also rumoured
that Queen Victoria stayed here. The other hotel the George is circa
1600 and stands on the remains of an old church. The vault dates back to 1325.
Guards the river crossing of
the Medway. It was close to here that the Romans first built their fort to
protect the crossing. The present castle was started in 1087 by Bishop
Gundolf and is thought to be one of the finest preserved examples of Norman
architecture in England. The great keep measures 113feet high, 70 feet square
and walls of 12feet thick. The castle has been subject to siege 3 times
and was partly demolished by King John in 1215 when he undermined the South East
Today Rye stands almost
2 miles in land near the mouth of Rother, yet it was once a Flouishing Port with
the sea at its walls. One of the original Cinque ports, the French have
landed here on South Coast raids at least 4 times and in 1377 burnt the town to
the ground. The prosperity of the town declined in the second half of the
16th Century as the harbour silted up. It is a town for walking with a
wealth of Medieval, Tudor, Stuart and Georgian houses. Many places to see
including the museum and the land gate which is a pre 1377 structure, and the
last remaining gate of the four that gave access to the town. the parish church
of St Mary dates back to the 12th Century with a magnificently carved mahogany
altar. Mermaid Street is well known for its steep cobbled road lined with
15th and 17th Century houses, with the Mermaid Inn a notorious haunt of
smugglers in the 18th Century. The name Rye represents the Olde English
phrase "aet thaere iege" which means "at the island" the original town
was built on an island in the marshes.
Parish church of St Mary in Rye
The church rises above the walls of this walled town. Some of the original
fabric still remains of the original 12th Century church. It
was severely damaged by the French in 1377 and coastal winds have not been kind
to it. What one sees to day is a mixture of Norman, traditional, Early
English and modern architecture. The altar is magnificently carved
mahogany dating from the early 18th Century. But most of the
windows late 19th to early 20th century. The church clock
was made in Winchelsea in about 1560 and is thought to be the oldest turret type
clock still functioning. The giant pendulum swings inside the church. The
clock face is flanked by the figures of 2 boys who strike the bell on the
quarter but not the hours, hence the name quarter boys.
Of international acclaim,
this connoisseur's garden was created by the late Vita Sackville-West and her
husband, Sir Harold Nicolson. Between the surviving parts of an
Elizabethan mansion. There is much to see at all seasons, including a
spring garden, orchard, white garden and herb garden.
St. Augustines Abbey Canterbury
The ruins of St Augustines
Abbey are probably one of the most important ecclesiastical sites in England.
An Abbey was first built here in the time of the saint but was subsequently torn
down more than once. The 7th Century remains tell us much of the life in
an early Christian monastery, buried in the grounds, St Augustine and many of
the early archbishops of Canterbury.
St Martins Church Canterbury
St Martins “the oldest church in continuous use in England” is hard to contest,
although the small Chapel at Escomb near Durham also lays claim. We do know as
fact that St Augustine set up his mission here when he arrived from Rome in
AD597. However it is written by the Venerable Bede that a Church dedicated to
Martin had been built in Roman times approx AD90 to the East of Canterbury. It
is also written by Bede that Queen Bertha the wife of the Saxon King Ethelbert
of Kent had worshipped here prior to the arrival of Augustine.